Queen Mary I ("Bloody" Mary)
Queen Mary I, (Mary Tudor, or "Bloody" Mary), was the second doll to be issued in the second series of famous british queens. This 8 inch tall doll, issued in December 1978/January 1979, would have cost the collector £36.00, ($95.00). Mary's rich Tudor costume is fashioned from brocades and crushed velvets, and was described as "a faithful replica of the famous portrait of 1544 by an unknown artist..."
Mary Tudor was the elder daughter of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. She had suffered an appaling childhood, being neglected and persecuted after Henry divorced her mother, and married Anne Boleyn, when she was later declared illegitemate.
Mary was a devout Catholic, as was her mother, and when she became Queen as a 37 year old in July 1553, her whole aim was to enforce the conversion of England to Catholicism. The country was plunged into a bloodbath, and she earned the title "Bloody" Mary, because of her persecution of the protestants.
Her July 1554 marriage to Philip, heir to the Spanish throne, and 11 years her junior, was an unhappy one, although she was devoted to him. Philip left her after just over a year of marriage, and returned to Spain, leaving her broken hearted.
In September 1544, Mary appeared to be entering the first stages of pregnancy, which continued until July 1555 - now considered to have been a false pregnancy. Following a visit from Philip in March-July 1557, Mary again appeared to be pregnant, but no child was born. She was weak and ill from May 1558, and died aged 42 at St James's Palace on 17th November 1558, possibly of ovarian cysts or uterine cancer.